Bernese Mountain Dog: Tips, Care and Characteristics

Name Bernese Mountain Dog
Origin Switzerland
Life expectancy Cut
Colors Brown, black and white
Hair Very soft, with dense undercoat
Size Giant
Height Between 58 and 70 centimeters
Weight Between 40 and 44 kilos
Temperament Quiet
Needs Gentle walks, daily brushing, high proportion of minerals and vitamins.
Perfect for Watchdog and family dog

The Bernese Mountain Dog is characterized as a dog of aristocratic bearing. Its coat is very soft and stands out for having a dense undercoat. Its color can merge tones such as black, brown and white depending on the part of the body that is observed. It can also be said that it is a robust and strong dog. So much so that males can measure between 64 and 70 centimeters, while females measure between 58 and 66 centimeters. Even so, despite these differences, both sexes weigh between 40 and 44 kilos.

Provenance and history of the Bernese Mountain Dog

The Bernese Mountain Dog originates from the time when Switzerland was invaded by the Romans, that is, two thousand years ago. At that time, this country was known as Helvetia and had numerous dogs that worked as shepherds for livestock and also as guard dogs.

It is likely that the mastiffs of the Romans were crossed with herding dogs that were found in the area, thus being able to withstand the harsh climate of the Alps. This crossbreeding also helped to soften their character. At that time, the Bernese Mountain Dog was also used to pull carts that transported dairy or textile products from one town to another. Thus, it follows that his body was already very strong and energetic.

Types of Bernese Mountain Dogs

There are different types of the Bernese Mountain Dog breed, as follows:

  • Ardennes Mountain Dog.
  • Australian Cattle Dog.
  • Bernese Mountain Dog.
  • Flanders Mountain Dog.
  • Entlebuch’s cattle.
  • Great Swiss Cattleman.

Character of the Bernese Mountain Dog

Bernese Mountain Dogs are very friendly. Thus, it is easy to enjoy with the animal when it is time to perform cualquier actividad familiar. If you like to make plans with your pet, with this breed you will always have some activity in your calendar. Undoubtedly, they are fantastic life companions, of which it can be said that they are patient, affectionate and especially good with the smallest of the house. So much so that, sometimes, they protect them too much.

To feel good, they need to receive constant affection and be surrounded by people. If you have a visitor in your home, it is likely that the animal barks as a symbol of protection. However, as soon as it is aware that there is no danger, it calms down again.

Training and education tips

Considering that the Bernese Mountain Dog is very close to his family and also very intelligent, it is very easy to get the animal to obey and learn different tricks. You just need to be patient and dedicate a few minutes a day to show him how you want him to behave.

Tips and products for everyday use

Repetitive movements will help him to improve his behavior, as well as elements such as clickers. Mastering the tone of voice at all times will allow you to show the animal if each gesture is well developed, and positive reinforcement will inspire him to achieve the goals you set for him.

How to keep a Boyero healthy and energetic

When the Bernese Mountain Dog is a puppy, the ejercicio only needs to be carried out so that the joints and bones are formed correctly. When they reach one year of age, they can be let loose to run on their own. In addition, by the time this dog reaches adulthood, it will need at least one hour of exercise a day to feel healthy.

Bernese Mountain Dog Health

One must be very attentive to the health of a Bernese Mountain Dog in order to prevent diseases.

Is there a typical disease of the Bernese Mountain Dog?

It is important that, before adopting a Bernese Mountain Dog, you take into account its most common health problems. Unfortunately, in this section it must be said that some aggressive types of cancer can affect them in a quite common way. For this reason it is said that the life expectancy of this breed is short.

On the other hand, due to its size, it is also common for the Bernese Mountain Dog to suffer from displasia de cadera. This is a disease that can cause mobility problems. Taking into account the above information, it is advisable and important to have a hip examination of the dogs before breeding them.

How to prevent the above pathologies?

Moderate exercise, good nutrition and regular visits to the veterinarian will allow this dog to enjoy a great quality of life. In addition, there are nutritional supplements such as condroprotectores that will help with joint problems and delay the progression of the disease.

Typical care of Bernese Mountain Dogs

The care of the Bernese Mountain Dog is very specific:


Regarding the grooming of the Bernese Mountain Dog, taking into account its physical characteristics, you should know that it needs to be groomed daily. cepillado diario. The reason is that it is important to reduce hair loss and, also, to avoid tangles that can become very annoying for the animal. Likewise, you cannot ignore the fur that grows between its pads, which must be cut regularly. You have to be clear that even though their coat is normally silky, if it is not taken care of, it will be damaged.


Regarding their skin, special care must be taken with brushing, doing it in a careful way. Likewise, it is necessary to use productos para perros específicos when it is time to give him a bath.

Other care

On the other hand, the limpieza de las orejas should be done at least monthly, taking into account their size. This has to be done especially if the animal is in constant contact with the field.

What is the best diet for a Bernese Mountain Dog?

Considering that the Bernese Mountain Dog has a gigantic size, it must be said that its appetite is enormous. But, you also have to know that it needs vitamins and minerals different from other dogs because it is necessary to bet on the good functioning of its cartilages and joints in a constant way.

On the other hand, this is a dog that is prone to suffer from stomach distension, as well as other problems related to the digestive system. Thus, not allowing it to eat as much as the animal would like, and opting for smaller portions, would help to minimize the risk of this type of affections taking place.

Puppy stage

During his puppyhood, this dog needs to follow a complete feeding because it will be determinant for his later development. Thus, a specific feed for dogs under 18 months of quality will be ideal for him.

Adult stage

During their adult stage, it is also important not to miss the pienso seco de calidad. Of course, this has to be specific for active and giant dogs, having to be at the height of their good physical tone. It is essential for their well-being.

Senior stage

At this stage, special care must be taken with everything they eat. Thus, in addition to the specific food for dogs of this size and age, you can also opt for latas de paté that help them not to force the jaw and teeth.

What to take into account when adopting a Bernese Mountain Dog

People who want to adopt a Bernese Mountain Dog should be aware that this animal needs physical exercise every day, to avoid suffering from diseases such as overweight. Also, taking into account its size, it is advisable that the adopter has enough strength to lead it and enough patience to train it.

If now that you know all the characteristics and peculiarities of the Bernese Mountain Dog you are convinced that you would make the ideal couple, do not hesitate to search this breed in the application Amazdog and give a second chance to the furry that will become your most faithful companion.

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